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Quick install trick for drag-and-drop apps on disk images Install
Microsoft Office 98 started the trend of putting a folder on the install CD with the label "drag this folder to your applications folder to install," and since then, many other developers have adopted this method for installing software.

This hint is useful for folks that don't use any kind of intricate filing system for their applications, and are content with letting them all live in the "Applications" folder at the root of your boot disk.

Once you've mounted the disk (and opened its window, if it doesn't auto-open) that contains "drag me.app" (or "drag me folder"), hit Command-B. This will reveal the toolbar in that particular window, and, presuming you haven't customized your toolbar prefs too much, you should see an "Applications" icon. Simply drag the app onto that icon, and boom, it'll be copied into your Applications folder, ready to rock. One step installs without having to open any new windows.

[robg adds: Yes, experts, this is a relatively straightforward hint, but many people don't think to enable the toolbar on disk image windows. Also, if you've enabled pop-up folders, there's no reason this applies to only "simple" filing systems. Just drag and hover (or drag and hit the space bar), and then navigate to whatever spot you want to use. I use a variant of this trick for all my drag installs, except I have a "My Computer" alias at the left edge of my toolbar -- this pops open the Volumes folder, so I can file anything on any drive with a simple drag and pop-up routine...]
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Installing packages from the command line Install

I sometimes need to install updates remotely on a server I maintain. I already knew about the command line version of softwareupdate, but I was looking for a way to install packages (.pkg) that were already located on the remote box. I finally found the installer command. To install a package, type:

 sudo installer -pkg Desktop/Java1.4.1.pkg -target /
In most cases, -target will be the root of your boot volume (/), but you may also specify /Volumes/OtherDrive. Also note that the installer will not prompt you if the update requires a restart. If you know that it requires a restart, type sudo reboot after confirmation of successful install.

For more info see man installer.
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Restore iDVD and other default software from Restore DVD Install
I was wondering today how I would restore just iDVD if I were to delete it. Looking at the PowerMac G4 restore DVD that I got with my PowerMac, I couldn't find just the iDVD installer, and Apple's restore guide doesn't give a clear indication to if it would be installed if I ran the AdditionalApplications.pkg installer. It looks like that reinstalls iMovie, iPhoto, iTunes, and Acrobat Reader. I only want to reinstall iDVD.

Taking a look through the Restore DVD, I found a folder in the root called .images (/Volumes -> PowerMac G4 Software -> .images to be more exact). In there was a disk image called iDVD1.dmg. Mouting that disk image reveals two folders - Applications and Library. To restore, you'll need to install the contents of each folder to their respective folders on the root of the boot drive; put Applications -> iDVD 3 in /Applications, and put Library -> Receipts -> iDVD.pkg in /Library -> Receipts. It might be a good idea to repair permissions after doing this, just to make sure your restored iDVD will work properly.

[robg adds: The other option here is to use something like Pacifist, a package extractor.]
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Installing OS 10.2 on Beige G3 Install
My beige G3 (upgraded with G4/533, voodoo graphics, 120 Gb disc) refused point blank to boot from the Jaguar install disc if there was any other system available. I had to boot from an OS 9 installer CD and initialise the drive first, and then partion using the Disk Utility on the OS X install disc. It would not then install until I set the first partition to 7.5gb (not 8gb as the documentation states). I have not experimented to find the precise cutoff point. I trust this may be of help.
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USB hubs and devices can cause installation issues Install
This occurred on a G4 AGP trying to reload software on a two drive (master/slave) system. Booting from Jaguar disk, when it got to the point to choose a destination drive.. none were visible to choose. Also noticed OS 9 would not shutdown properly, hangs when choosing "shutdown" menu. This also prevents firmware updates from running properly.

Solution: It was the extra USB hub and devices (printers, scanner, etc.) Unplugged the extras, leaving only the keyboard in one usb port and the mouse plugged to the keyboard. Drives now visible and OS 9 shuts down properly. I don't have a clue why this happens but I have tried it on two different G4s and it is a consistent bug.

[robg adds: Without more detail on the devices and the hub in use, it's hard to say for sure, but I'd bet this was caused by the hub more than the devices. There were many reports of similar problems with certain USB hubs in 10.0 and 10.1, but this is the first I've heard with Jaguar. If you're having a tough to diagnose installation problem, try removing all the non-stock parts from the machine in question and see if the problem goes away...]
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Delete the SMTP server specified during installation Install
Quite to the end of Jaguar installation you have to set your email address, POP address, and SMTP servers. But the installer doesn't allow yout to set a protected (for instance, with a password) SMTP; it just allows to indicate SMTP name. And when you launch Mail and set the password, you then have TWO SMTP servers with the same name. The first one was created during Jaguar installation, and the second one when you've entered the password. To delete the first of them, you have to:
  1. Install the Developer Tools
  2. Open ~/Library/Preferences folder
  3. Click on "com.apple.mail.plist" while holding Control and select "Property List Editor" from the Open With menu (it should appear as the default app)
  4. In the "DeliveryAccounts" subtree select "0" (zero) and click on "Delete".
  5. Save your changes and quit the editor.
That's all.

[robg adds: I haven't tested this, but you should also be able to edit the file in a pure text editor and remove the first entry <dict> entry in the section that begins:
<key>DeliveryAccounts</key>
As with most modifications, you should make a backup of the file before you start chaning things.]
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Missing hard drive jumper can prevent OS X install Install
A friend of mine managed to pick up a couple of beige G3 266 desktop computers from a company that was going out of business. On three out of four computers, 10.2 loaded fine. On the fourth, we had no problems loading OS 9, but it would not take OS X of any variety. It would start to load, but then never boot from the hard drive.

Anyway we intended to swap hard drives with another computer when I noticed that the jumper that sets the drive to either master or slave was missing. We borrowed a jumper, installed it, and everything worked normally. Removed the jumper from another machine, no install. Strange but true....
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Performing a 'super clean' install on a PowerBook Install
If you are having hardware issues with your PowerBook and want to really start over, try this method (as suggested by Apple tech support) of doing a really clean install.
  1. Back up all your data
  2. Shut down system
  3. Remove power and the battery
  4. Remove keyboard and reset PMU -- there is a small button in the top right hand side under the keyboard in an oval shaped hole. Push the button.
  5. Plug power in
  6. Reboot into Open Firmware (hold down Command-Option-O-F when you turn on your machine)
  7. In Open Firmwarre, type reset-nvram (you should get an OK in response)
  8. In Open Firmware, type in reset-all (your machine should reboot, have your Jaguar DVD/CD ready)
  9. Insert Jaguar DVD/CD and hold down the 'C' key to boot from the DVD/CD
  10. Do a fresh install of OS X, and choose to 'Erase Disk'
  11. Update to 10.2.3 (I used the Combo installer)
[Editor's note:These are basically the same steps that Tech Support had me follow while trying to debug an issue with an iBook, except the reset PMU steps are different. Obviously only recommended when you REALLY want to start from scratch!]
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10.2 install archives contents of /Users/Shared Install
Caution: If you are about to do an 'Archive and Install' install of Jaguar, be aware that the contents of /Users/Shared is apparently also archived off. There are no apparent warnings in the installer or documentation.

The risk is that you will install the new system, check that everything works OK and then empty the 'Previous Systems' folder, thereby losing any /Users/Shared data. Quite why it is configured like this is beyond me. But it's annoying.
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FireWire target disk mode install of 10.2 Install
I have a slot loading iMac (Dalmation) with a broken CD-R drive (don't ask; my kids thought it was cool place for coins). I have been using a FireWire CD-R drive in its place whenever necessary. I could not install 10.2 from this drive since it did not power up until after the OS started to boot.

I connected my iMac to my G4 PowerBook with a FireWire cable. I then rebooted the iMac into FireWire "target" mode by holding down the "T" key when booting up. I then loaded my 10.2 install disk into the PowerBook and went through the regular install process, except this time I installed it on the FireWire drive that was the main drive on my iMac. It even booted into the new Jaguar running on the iMac but displaying the screen on the powerbook. I then re-booted the iMac, and after a couple minutes of searching, Jaguar loaded successfully and has been running strong ever since.

One side note is that I had to make sure to reset the startup disk on the PowerBook to find the original 10.2 on the PowerBook drive before re-booting the PowerBook. For some reason, it refused to find the original install on its own when I just rebooted. Even the key command on boot-up did not work. But this was no biggie, just remember to change the start-up drive and everything will be OK.
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