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10.7: Xcode updating when the installer is moved Apps
If you are like me you saw the 4 GB Xcode installer the Mac App Store dropped in the Applications folder and promptly moved it to an external drive (Xcode installed is another 8 GBs or so making its footprint around 12 GB).

I have good news for those who want to keep the installer (to avoid having to download it again) while not having it on your primary drive. If the drive it is on is mounted when you run the App Store updater, the App Store will find it and update it. This way if you need to update the installation, you have the latest installer.

On that note, it looks like from the warnings and popups from today's Xcode update, large applications which require updating the installer and not the app (like Xcode) will be delta updated in their installer. Then to actually update the installation, one will have to run the installer which then will update the installation.

So rest assured, moving that large installer out of the applications folder onto a secondary drive should work just fine.

[crarko adds: I haven't re-downloaded the Xcode installer to put on another drive to try this, but it would be a very sweet and intelligent updater if it works this way. Also, can people confirm if this works on any other App Store installed software? Please share your results in the comments.]
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Blank (Invisible Font) MS Office 2011 Documents Apps
Upgrade from an older version of MS Office (at least V.x, 2004) and documents opened in MS Office 2011 may appear to be blank or empty. Sometimes closing (not quitting the application) and re-opening the document allows you to see the content. The crux of the problem seems to be a problem with multiple copies of fonts.

Summary:
  • Use Font Book to resolve duplicate fonts.
  • Manually remove the older versions of duplicated font files from ~/Library/Fonts.
  • Restart the Mac.
I recently upgraded several machines to Snow Leopard (10.6.8) and simultaneously moved them from MS Office v.X to the latest version of Office 2011 -- admittedly a big leap. Suddenly, everyone was complaining that their documents appeared to be blank when opened. All the text was missing (or simply not displayed) in Word documents and Excel spreadsheets. A very frustrating thing, when you know you spent hours creating it.

A little web research pointed me in the direction of a font problem -- a genuine bug in font handling within the MS Office 2011 suite. The work-arounds all mentioned using Font Book to resolve duplicates and even use the Reveal In Finder feature to locate and completely delete the older font files. Sadly, these steps, while necessary, do not completely solve the problem. Another step is required.

MS Office v.X (and 2004) had a bad habit of installing it's own fonts in each user's Library folder: ~/Library/Fonts. That means that copies of the fonts would be installed for each user account on a machine, leading not only to some duplicates with system fonts, but also multiple, user-specific copies of the same font, wasting disk space.

Font Book in 10.6.8 does not seem to really disable duplicate fonts located in the ~/Library/Fonts folder, or perhaps, MS Office just searches for them there anyway. To really resolve the duplicate fonts, I had to go to the ~/Library/Fonts folder and manually delete about a dozen older version font files that had newer versions already present in the /Library/Fonts folder, such as: multiple Arial files (the single largest problem since it is a common default font in Excel), Comic Sans MS, Edwardian Script ITC, Lucida Handwriting, Tahoma, Times New Roman, Wingdings and more.

After clearing out the duplicates, a restart is required to get the system to rebuild its font cache. When launched, MS Office will compare it's own font cache to the system's and upon finding a mismatch will rebuild it's own font cache, taking several long seconds while showing a 'blank' document.

Once those old version font files are gone, the documents all display correctly when first opened, and stay that way.

[crarko adds: This brings back horrible memories. I recall older versions of Adobe software did something like this as well, and resolving the font conflicts and/or rebuilding the font cache felt like it was a full-time occupation.]
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Use any font in Terminal Apps
Many people don't realize it, but there is no need to use a monospaced font in Terminal.app. The reason is that, unlike most other programs that render monospaced text (including all GUI text editors and web browsers I've tried) it enforces a monospaced character width. Therefore, if you type 12345678 in one line and abcdefgh in the next line right below it, then h will align with 8 regardless of whether the font you choose is monospaced or not.

With that being said, I still actually recommend that you do use a monospaced font, like Menlo or DejaVu Sans Mono (the latter is not included with Mac OS X, but is a font very similar to Menlo but slightly better in my opinion). The reason is that these fonts are designed to be readable despite the fact that shorter characters like i and l are just as long as longer characters like w.

If you do decide to try a non-monospaced font in Terminal.app for whatever reason, I suggest you play with the character spacing and line spacing controls in the font settings dialog. Some fonts are over spaced, and some are under spaced, and this can fix that.

[crarko adds: Just in case you feel a strong urge to experiment with fonts in Terminal, this is a reminder that you can. Even Zapf Dingbats works.]
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10.7: Zoom the magnifier tool in Preview with keyboard shortcuts Apps
Lion introduces a new tool in Preview. Press ` (the backtick key) or go to Tools » Show Magnifier to launch the magnifier. This produces a floating window that you can drag over your document, and it will zoom in on whatever area of the document is underneath the magnifier.

The size of the magnifier window appears to be fixed, but you can press + or to change its size. At full zoom, the magnifier tool can end up larger than the size of the document window that you are viewing.

[crarko adds: A few people submitted this hint, and some also pointed out that the pinch-to-zoom gesture works with this feature.]
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10.7: How to enable/disable Auto-Correct Apps
Mac OS X Lion adds a new, more aggressive auto-correct function to Safari, Mail and more. While some may find this to be a godsend, others may find it rather annoying. For example, doing a search for Pat Metheny in Safari will auto-correct to Pat Methane. Not exactly what I was looking for. Fortunately, there are ways to control this behavior both as a system-wide default option and on an app by app basis. Here's what you need to do:

To set the default system-wide state for auto-correct, navigate to System Preferences/Language & Text. Click the Text tab at the top and then you can check or uncheck 'Correct spelling automatically.' In order for this to take effect, your apps must be quit and then relaunched. Upon relaunch, the correct default state for auto-correct will be set.

To enable or disable auto-correct on an app by app basis, you need to be in an active text field (for example, in Safari you could go to Google and click to put the cursor in the search field). From there, navigate to Edit/Spelling and Grammar and then check or uncheck 'Correct Spelling Automatically.'

This was a bit confusing to me at first, because it seemed like there were 2 ways to do the same thing, but they didn't always work. For example, if you aren't in an active text field, the option will be greyed out in the app's Edit menu. It also seemed like the system-wide option didn't work at all until I realized that apps need to be relaunched in order to reflect the change. What I finally concluded is that Apple is giving the user system-wide control over this feature's default state and app by app control to override the system default. Very handy. If, for example, you like this feature in everything but Safari, you would then turn on auto-correct as the system-wide default, then go to Safari and turn it off for just that application.

[crarko adds: I tested this, and it works as described. If you've disabled it, and do want to do a check, just select 'Check Document Now' from the Spelling and Grammar menu.]
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iTunes Cover Art Screen saver feature Apps
The iTunes Album cover screen saver just got a cool new feature.

Start up the iTunes screen saver and you'll see that you can now click on an album cover to start playing it. To exit there's now a button on the bottom right corner to exit.

An excellent way to spot an album you'd forgotten about and start playing it right away.

[crarko adds: Several people submitted variations of this hint, so I assume many of you have found this already. But if you haven't, here it is. I'm not sure, but this may also work in iTunes 10.4 in Snow Leopard. Let us know in the comments.]
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10.7: Getting some utilities to play nice Apps
When you activate some utilities like LaunchBar and MsgFiler from a full screen application it causes you to flip back to a Desktop. You can avoid this if the app allows you to disable the Application Icon in the Dock.

For both of the third party applications LaunchBar and MsgFiler, go to the application's preferences setting and disable the Dock Icon so that the application runs as a background application. Now switching to or activating the utility won't switch you back to a Desktop and leaves you in your full screen app.

If you have a utility that allows it to run in background and you run into this screen flip-flop problem, you can try setting it to background (no icon dock) mode and see if that helps.

If the utility/app doesn't have this option, MAYBE this very old hint will help to force some arbitrary app to run in background.

[crarko adds: I haven't tested this one.]
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10.7: Cleaning up birthdays in iCal Apps
Lion adds a little known feature in iCal, birthdays without birth year.

I've had a rather large Address Book contact list that over the years have been synced by multiple services and some of the birthdays show a wrong year. This hint shows how you can do a quick(er) clean up of your birthdays calendar.

Users of Filemaker's Bento know that beyond being a practical personal database it is also an awesome quick editor for Address Book. In Bento, all of your Address Book fields can be shown in a database/spreadsheet format and you can quickly filter and order your contacts based on the field.
  • Launch Bento (even the trial version will work), lookup Address Book and enable the 'Birthday' field.
  • The hint here is that all of the Birthdays without a year in iCal are actually dated the year '1604.' So browse at your leisure and by selecting the 'Birthdays' column you will be able to see the ones which show a wrong year and change it to '1604.'
  • As a result your updated Birthdays will show no years in iCal.
There might be other, more elaborate, ways to do this but at least this could be done without fiddling with the system using Terminal or going through each contact one by one in Address Book.

[crarko adds: I haven't tested this one.]
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10.7: Enabling Java Apps
If Java won't run under Lion for you, a solution to this 'problem' may be as simple as enabling a Java VM. By default, Java is disabled (and probably not even installed) in 10.7.

Try the following:

Go to Applications » Utilities and open the Java Preferences.app.

Make sure the checkbox at the top is 'checked' in order to enable Java in Lion. If Java is not already installed, you may be asked to do so first.

[crarko adds: When I did this I was asked to download the Java VM using Software Update. It appears to have become an optional install, like Rosetta was with Snow Leopard. It also looked like this was still the Apple Java VM, and not an Oracle-produced version, although I can't say so for certain.]
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Microsoft Outlook Rules setup after a clean install Apps
Are you reinstalling Outlook 2011 and want to reuse your existing rules? I had too many mail rules to type in again and thought there would be a better way.

I had performed a clean install of Lion and then reinstalled MS Office 2011. There was no way to export/import the existing rules I had created in the Snow Leopard install of Outlook 2011. I tried copying the rules to the correct directory within Lion with the faint hope that the new install of Outlook would recognize them, but that didn't work.

What did work was this. After copying the existing rules to the new Lion install I ran the Rebuild Database Utility in Outlook. The rules were processed and added to the list.

There were minor errors related to categories but that was because I hadn't created the corresponding categories in the new install. This was much faster and more accurate than retyping all of them.

[crarko adds: If you find yourself in a similar situation, give this a try.]
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