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10.7: Avoid 'Backup of' Files in iWork Apps
With AutoSave and Versions in Mac OSX Lion, iWork now creates a 'Backup of' file for every document you create in an iWork application. However, there is a very easy way to prevent this.

If you're tired of the backup files created by iWork, simply go to Preferences » General (in each of the iWork applications) and then uncheck 'Back up previous version when saving' and check 'Save new documents as packages.' This will maintain the data needed for Versions and AutoSave without cluttering up your Mac with duplicate files.

[crarko adds: This seems to work as described in Pages; I don't necessarily mind having the backup file.]
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10.7: Navigate iCal calendars using gestures Apps
In iCal 5.0, which is included with Lion, you can navigate between dates, weeks, months, or years using a finger swipe left or right using an Apple Magic Mouse or Trackpad.

Click on the Day, Week, Month, or Year button. Navigate between dates, weeks, months, or years using a finger swipe left or right. The left or right swipes will advance or reverse the displayed calendar.

With the Magic Mouse use a single finger swipe, and on a Trackpad use a two-finger swipe (you must check 'Swipe between pages' in their respective Control Panels).

[crarko adds: When I tried this with the Magic Trackpad, I could only get it to work reliably in the Weekly calendar view, so your mileage may vary.]
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Cycle between bases in Programming Calculator mode Apps
I use the Programming mode in Calculator.app and often find myself moving to the mouse to switch between octal, hex, and decimal modes. I wrote the two following Applescripts to cycle forward and backward between bases and use Butler to bind them to Command+D and Command+Shift+D.

Cycle forwards:
tell application "System Events"
  tell application process "Calculator"
    repeat with i from 1 to 3
      if the value of radio button i of radio group 1 of group 2 of window "Calculator" is 1 then
        click radio button ((i mod 3) + 1) of radio group 1 of group 2 of window "Calculator"
        exit repeat
      end if
    end repeat
  end tell
end tell
Cycle backwards:
tell application "System Events"
  tell application process "Calculator"
    repeat with i from 1 to 3
      if the value of radio button i of radio group 1 of group 2 of window "Calculator" is 1 then
        if i is equal to 1 then
          set n to 3
        else
          set n to i - 1
        end if
        click radio button n of radio group 1 of group 2 of window "Calculator"
        exit repeat
      end if
    end repeat
  end tell
end tell

[crarko adds: I tested this (on 10.7.1), and it works as described.]
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10.7: Prevent auto-load of documents in some apps Apps
In some of Apple's Apps (I've tested Preview and Quicktime Player) holding Shift after launching them stops previous documents from reloading.

I've tested this launching from the Dock, the application icon in Finder or from LaunchPad. These all work (Launchpad also does the slow motion effect from holding down shift).

This doesn't seem to work if you use Alfred or Spotlight to search for and launch an application.

[crarko adds: While I'm sure this has been mentioned before, that last bit is news. I tried running TextEdit from Spotlight and sure enough, the Shift override does not apply. It's worth remembering if that's the way you launch applications.]
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10.7: Change iCal font size Apps
I was thinking Command+ or Command- might zoom in or out like Safari or Mail but found the it behaves differently in iCal.

In iCal Command + or - changes the font size on displayed calendars.

[crarko adds: This is new in iCal 5. It's shown in the iCal View menu as 'Make Text Bigger' (or Smaller).]
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10.7: Use Emoticons to distinguish shells Apps
Now that Mac OS X supports Emoji, they can be added to the title of a terminal window to help distinguish shell windows.

One application that has been updated in Mac OS X Lion is the venerable Terminal.app which finally supports 256 colors. While playing around with Emoji characters, I realised they were quite useful to mark different terminals. I typically have multiple windows open with local and remote shells, along with a python interpreter. Previously I used the background colour of the terminal to distinguish the various contexts, but now I also add an relevant Emoji in the title.

To add the character to a Terminal window's title, just go into Terminal » Preferences, select the Settings Icon and the Window tab. In the Title item, you can enter the emoticon in the title text by going to Edit » Special Characters and select the Emoji set. Double-click the character you want to insert.

I posted some examples and an image on my blog.

[crarko adds: I tested this, and it works as described. This did make me smile.]
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10.7: iCal Month View New Event behavior Apps
Lion's iCal changes default behavior of new event creation in Month View and creates all day events by default.

The single behavior in Lion that makes me grumble the most is the behavior in iCal when creating a new event in Month View (things work as before in day and week views). In Lion, when creating a new event by double clicking on the day the event is automatically assigned as an all day event. In most instances where an appointment is being created this will need to be changed.

The solution is that in Month view double click on the day you want to make the event on and then type 'Steve 9am' and it will correctly define an event called Steve that starts at 9am and ends one hour later.

You can even get fancy and define an event's length in the title, e.g. 'Steve 9am-2pm' and it will correctly set an event that starts at 9am and runs until 2pm.

One hour is the default length for an event, however if you would like to redefine the default length of all new events the command is:

defaults write com.apple.iCal 'Default duration in minutes for new event' 15

This makes event lengths default to 15 minutes, but you can use whatever value you wish.

[crarko adds: I tested this, and it works as described. Obviously to go back to the hour default length you can change the 15 to 60 in the above command.]
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10.7: Quicktime Player playback speed gesture Apps
I came across this when I accidentally moved my finger on my Magic Mouse when playing back a video.

When a video is playing in Quicktime Player X if you swipe with with one finger on the Magic Mouse (or 2 fingers on the Trackpad) the playback speed can be altered.

Swiping from left to right speeds things up; right to left slows things down.

When you swipe the speed is displayed on the top left of the video and the controls popup is replaced with a simple arrow indicator with gradient lines at 2x, 4x and 8x speed up.

The speed change only happens as long as you have your finger on the surface; as soon as you release the playback resumes to 1x speed.

[crarko adds: When I tried this using the Magic Trackpad (with two fingers) what happened is that is would stop playing the video and scroll to a different spot in the timeline. But as with the Window-throwing hint, I'm willing to believe it's me fat-fingering things. Give it a try and post your results.]
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10.7: Easy package tracking in Mail Apps
Often, when you get a shipping receipt email for an online purchase, the shipper will provide the tracking number as a link, so you can easily see its progress. But this is not always the case. Fortunately, Lion's Mail app (and possibly past versions) can help.

Hover the mouse over the tracking number, and a dotted line should appear around it, along with a drop-down arrow on the right. Click that arrow, and, if a menu ensues, select 'Track Shipment.' A Quick Look panel will open with the shipment info (from the website of UPS, FedEx, etc.).

Mail will do this for you whether the tracking number is linked or not, so this hint can be helpful any time you want to check up on the shipment but don't want to switch to a browser to do so.

[crarko adds: I don't have any pending shipments to try this out with, but two people mentioned this feature works in 10.7. Will someone verify if it does or does not in Snow Leopard and post in the comments? Thanks.]
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10.7: View Calculator results in large type Apps
Right click on the display in Calculator.app and select 'Large Type.' An overlay appears with the number in large type so you can see it easily. Simple, but cool.

This works in the Lion version of Calculator.app. I don't know if it was there in earlier versions. It works just like the 'Show Large Type' feature for phone numbers in Address Book.

Here's some bonus Calculator.app trivia: Mac OS X 10.7's Calculator has 16 help pages.

[crarko adds: Also, when you right-click in Calculator the same pop-up menu gives you the option to change over to RPN if you prefer. I tried it in Snow Leopard and it's not there. It's always a nice touch when the older applications get some improvement.]
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