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iCloud Documents sync for Snow Leopard, using DropBox Apps
For various reasons, I will not switch to Lion on my work MacBook Pro for a while. Still, I am interested to share some of my documents over iCloud between my iPad/iPhone/MBP (running Snow Leopard), and I also have an iMac at home running Lion.

What I did on my iMac running Lion is to link (with ln -s) the iCloud 'Mobile Documents' folder (in ~/Library) to my Dropbox folder with something like (substitute the actual user's short name for 'username' in the command):

ln -s /Users/username/Library/Mobile Documents /Users/username/Dropbox/iCloud

Then, on the MacBook Pro, the shared documents are available in the ~/DropBox/iCloud folder.

For example GoodReader on the iPad has iCloud support, so I can directly put PDFs from my MacBook Pro in this directory, and they appear directly in GoodReader. As soon as other iOS programs support Documents on iCloud, this will be extended to them as well.

You can also use this with iWork documents, but beware, make sure you put a copy of the documents from your OSX machine to iCloud, as reading them under IOS 5 changes the format irreversibly (for now).

Note: This of course requires your Lion machine to be on and connected.

[crarko adds: This is similar to the method of this previous hint, and the same caveats apply. Since doing the procedure described in these hints are unsupported by Apple, there is a possibility that you'll lose files/folders placed in ~/Library/Mobile Documents if changes to the underlying structure occur. So proceed at your own risk, and be sure there are backup copies of the files you try this with.

For my own use, since I don't make use of iCloud at this time, I just do my sharing directly in Dropbox, which of course is limited to those apps which support it. But GoodReader, mentioned above, fortunately has excellent Dropbox support. As a counterexample, iWork (for iOS) does not.]
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10.7: Move an ARD 3.x Installation/Install ARD Apps
Aside from the fact that the current Apple Remote Desktop Installer requires 10.6 and doesn't want to run in 10.7 one of the more vexing aspects of working with ARD is that eventually one becomes heavily invested in the library it creates and setting up a new installation or moving a library to another machine is problematic.

The following instructions allow for moving an ARD installation and/or the library of machines, stored commands, groups, etc. that collect with heavy use.

These are all the relevant files to make ARD work, assuming ARD doesn't exist on the target machine already:
  • /Applications/Remote Desktop (the application)
  • /Library/Application Support/Apple/Remote Desktop (folder)
  • /Library/Documentation/Applications/Remote Desktop (folder)
  • /Library/Preferences/ (serial number info)
  • /Library/Widgets/Remote Desktop.wdgt (the ARD Widget)
  • ~/Library/Application Support/Remote Desktop (folder)
  • ~/Library/Preferences/ (client list)
If it's already installed, here are instructions for moving the accumulated installation and customization (note that root needs to enabled for part of this):

Copy database to remote machine:
sudo scp -Epr /var/db/RemoteManagement root@machinenameorIP:/var/db
Copy the /Library preferences:
sudo scp -Ep /Library/Preferences/ root@machinenameorIP:/Library/Preferences
Copy home directory preferences:
sudo scp -E /Users/username/Library/Preferences/ username@machinenameorIP:~/Library/Preferences
Copy home directory Application Support Remote Desktop directory:
sudo scp -Er /Users/username/Library/Application Support/Remote Desktop username@machinenameorIP:"/Users/username/Library/Application Support/Remote Desktop/"

[crarko adds: I haven't tested this one. I just upgraded my existing Snow Leopard installation to Lion and the ARD support was retained. I trust Apple will fix the ARD installer (maybe they already have) to recognize 10.7 and there will be no need for this.]
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10.7: Mail message mouse rollover Apps
When rolling the pointer over the message dividing line four new instant selections appear for trash, reply, reply all and forward.

If you roll the pointer over the message dividing line four instant selections popup for Trash, Reply, Reply All and Forward.

This can be somewhat useful and avoids a trip to the tool bar or menus, especially if you are in a threaded message with numerous responses.

I never noticed this behavior before for the Mail client, and thought it was worth a mention.

[crarko adds: I looked in Snow Leopard and couldn't reproduce, so I assume this is indeed new behavior in Mail 5.]
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Create a comprehensive writing system font collection in Font Book Apps
To create a font collection within Mac OS X Font Book, which covers all characters/glyphs/symbols (i.e., the complete range) necessary for a certain writing system, we can use a little trick in conjunction with System Preference's language settings.

Remark: Throughout this hint, I use the term 'writing system' although the involved software applications and their labeling and naming conventions may also use terms such as 'language, script, etc.' interchangeably. Within context you will easily understand the instructions; I just mention this for completeness.

Here are the steps:
  • Open System Preferences » Language and Text » Language.
  • In the language list, leave your native writing system on top.
  • Click: Edit list.
  • Enable all writing systems for which you would like to create the font collection. Confirm the selection, leave this window open.
  • Open Font Book.
  • Move and resize the windows as necessary so that you can see both Font Book and System Preferences, and easily switch between them.
  • Repeat the following steps for each writing system for which you would like to create a font collection:
  • Go to System Preferences and drag writing system XX to the top.
  • Within Font Book's collection list, right beyond the first entry 'All fonts,' a dynamic font collection refreshes to the writing system XX, which you just have chosen in System Preferences. This dynamic font collection only shows those fonts, which contain the necessary character range for your chosen writing system.
  • Create a new font collection, give it a meaningful name, i.e. 'Japanese Script.'
  • Click on the dynamic font collection on the top (i.e. 'Japanese'), select all fonts (Command+A), then drag and drop them on the font collection, which you created in the previous step (i.e. 'Script Japanese').

[crarko adds: I haven't tested this one.]
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10.7: Update for making Entourage play well with Time Machine Apps
I'd been using this hint to backup my Microsoft User Data for Entourage 2008.

I have been using Office Communicator 2011 sucessfully but, since upgrading to Lion I've had crashes and over the last few weeks have been unable to login with a message about clock settings or certificates.

Some background: my company is using an older version of Exchange (2003) with a newer version of OCS (2007) so I have both 2008 and 2011 versions of Office installed and am stuck with using Entourage until an Exchange upgrade next year.

Some searching suggested that some other Office apps do not behave when files are not in standard locations. I wondered if the method used to create an alias via the Finder to the Office 2008 Identities folder in the above Entourage hint was causing problems.

I deleted the alias and used the terminal to create a Unix symbolic link by entering the following:
ln -s /Volumes/Office_2008_Identities/Office\ 2008\ ~/Dcuments/Microsoft\ User\ Data/Identities/Office\ 2008\
Office Communicator and Entourage are both working OK now.

[crarko adds: A good reminder that a Finder alias and a symbolic link are two different things, despite some similarities.]
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10.7: Mac Mail - Get the Outbox back Apps
Newer versions of Mail, by default, don't show your Outbox in your folder list. Even if you go offline and then compose a new email and hit Send, you will still not see an Outbox (some users note that their Outbox will show up temporarily, but will be gone after restarting Mail). Many of us are very particular about email delivery and want to know if we have messages waiting to go out.

Searching around reveals a few articles and such, but most are very old (circa 2007) and not relevant to the newer version(s) of Mail in OS X Lion. The trick to getting the Outbox to stay permanently is to add it to your Favorites bar. But before you do that, you have to be able to see it. Here's how:
  • Go to Mail Preferences and to Accounts.
  • Pick an account and under 'Outgoing Mail Server (SMTP),' click what's currently selected and choose 'Edit SMTP Server List...'
  • Create a bogus SMTP server by clicking the +
    Description: Bogus SMTP
    Server Name: smtp.bogus.blah
  • Save the changes if prompted.
  • Now compose a new test email from this account and send it.
  • You should see a message indicating the server is offline.
  • Click the Try Later button.
  • And now you will see an Outbox in your folder list.
  • Simply click it and drag it up to your Favorites bar.
  • It will now stay there forever including after restarting Mail or your Mac.
To clean up afterwards, first go your Outbox and delete the test email sitting in your Outbox
  • Go back to Mail » Preferences » Accounts
  • Highlight your account, and change the 'Outgoing Mail Server (SMTP)' to what it was originally.
  • Next go back into 'Edit SMTP Server List,' highlight the bogus SMTP server and click the - to remove it.

[crarko adds: I tested this (in 10.7.2), and it works as described.]
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10.7: Get iTunes pop-up notifications in the dock Apps
There's a hidden setting for the Dock that will show pop-up notifications of which iTunes track is playing, a little like Growl.

First, quit iTunes if it's open, then open a Terminal window and type the following:

defaults write itunes-notifications -bool TRUE;killall Dock

Then start iTunes and try playing a track. Neat, eh? The pop-up fades away after a few seconds. To add the iTunes icon to the pop-up window, type the following into a Terminal window:

defaults write notification-always-show-image -bool TRUE;killall Dock

To deactivate the pop-up at a later date, quit iTunes again, then open a Terminal window and type the following two lines:

defaults delete itunes-notifications
defaults delete notification-always-show-image;killall Dock

My theory is that these pop-ups hint at either a forthcoming notification system (maybe in OS X 10.8), or it's a legacy of a notification system that Apple decided to abandon. But it's easily to imagine a similar system working with Mail, showing notifications of incoming mail. In addition to the preference keys mentioned above, I found various other keys relating to the height and length of the pop-up bubble. Whoever designed this clearly intended it to be tweakable.

I'm Keir Thomas, the author of a new book of over 300 Mac OS X Lion tips.

[crarko adds: I tested this, and it works as described. It's an interesting effect, perhaps better suited to a large screen iMac than a small laptop screen.]
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10.7: Saving and filenames in 10.7.1 and up Apps
In the past, saving with certain characters in the title of the document would tell you the they were not allowed.

As of 10.7.1, saving with, for example, a : in the filename will automatically convert it into a permissible -.

[crarko adds: I tried this with TextEdit in 10.7.2, and it did work as described. The hint author indicated it also works with Office 2011, so I'm assuming this will happen in all standard Save dialogs.]
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Use old style NeXTSTEP icons in Mail Apps
The normal way of associating a picture with an e-mail is using the Address Book. While this makes sense for the humans I'm interacting with, I don't want to add an address book entry for You can get around this by using an old NeXTSTEP era mechanism that still works in Lion.

Just add a tiff file with a name e-mail.tiff into the folder ~/Library/Images/People, restart and you are done.

So for Flattr e-mails, you would have the logo at ~/Library/Images/People/

There are more details contained in this blog post.

[crarko adds: I haven't tested this one, but it should work with most, if not all, versions of Mail.]
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10.7: Customize All My Files Apps
You can customize 'All My Files' so a new Finder window will display whatever search you prefer.

All My Files is great for opening a Finder window and easily seeing recent documents. I found list view more useful with lots of PDFs and other docs with long and similar names. But list view will show an endless list going back as far as your oldest files. I wanted something else, in this case, only a list of files opened in the last month.

I created a new search and then made that 'All My Files.' After creating and saving the search:

Backup the file:
And then replace
sudo cp ~/Library/Saved Searches/[your newly createdsearch].savedSearch /System/Library/CoreServices/

[crarko adds: I admit I'm not sure how this is any better than just creating a new Smart Folder with the appropriate search criteria. But if you so want to modify All My Files instead here is a way to do it.]
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