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10.9: Switch the SMB stack to use SMB1 as default System 10.9
The new SMB2 stack deliverd with OS X 10.9 (Mavericks) often fails to connect to NAS devices or behaves strangely on server volumes, such as an inability to change file/folder names.

Some possible workarounds are:

First try using cifs:// instead of smb:// to connect to the server volumes.

If that doesn't help, then there is a way to change all connections that use SMB1 by entering this command in Terminal:
echo "[default]" >> ~/Library/Preferences/nsmb.conf; echo "smb_neg=smb1_only" >> ~/Library/Preferences/nsmb.conf
To restore the default SMB2 you simply need to delete the newly created configuration file (nsmb.conf) with the command:
rm ~/Library/Preferences/nsmb.conf
Both workarounds force OS X to use SMB1 as a network protocol instead of the default SMB2 used by OS X 10.9 (Mavericks). While the first is an ad hoc solution the second is a persistent but reversible configuration change (for this user account). SMB1 is slower than SMB2 but stable.

[crarko adds: I don't have a way to test this at the moment, but I do recall reading that people have experienced some of these issues. If someone has a NAS device to test this with (especially if there have been problems) please let us know if either of these fixes helped.]
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A fix for some full page pop-unders in Safari Apps
Many are complaining about the recent occurrence of blank, full page windows popping up under the active window in Safari versions 5 and 7 (not sure about version 6) when clicking on a link.

This is due to the Glims update that came out this week. To solve this annoying behavior:

Go to Safari Prefs»Glims»Ads/Shopping, and check Off. Mine was set to Hit Me, which is the default. I don't remember seeing this behavior in Glims before.

[crarko adds: Hi, all; it's your guest editor, Craig Arko, in for a week. I don't use Glims, so I haven't tried this out. It seems plausible, but if people still observe the issue and this isn't the fix please make a comment.]
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Force spring-load folder when auto spring load is disabled. Apps
I disabled automatic spring-loaded folders. But wanted to have ability to manually activate it.

As you know if you drag one folder to another you can wait a little or immediately press spacebar. In both cases folder "spring-loads".

But auto spring-load annoys me more than helps. Because I often need to find folder I want to spring-load. And also I have to control that I am not hovering some other random folder. And sometimes I start dragging folder and in some depth forget to control not hovering any unnecessary folder.
"And boom!" and spring-loads wrong folder.

In Finder Settings (Finder menu -> Settings or CMD+,) you can disable auto opening spring-loaded folders.
But it will also disable manual opening folder via pressing spacebar.

But the hint is to double click spacebar when you hover necessary folder. "And boom!"
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Creating keyboard shortcuts on the command line Apps
Like most preferences, keyboard shortcuts can be set using "defaults write" commands in the Terminal. Useful if you have lots of shortcuts that you want to define, or if you have more than one Mac to set up.

However, the syntax isn't quite the same as the usual commands for setting a key to a value.

For Application-specific commands, use the following:

defaults write com.developer.app NSUserKeyEquivalents -dict-add "Menu Item" -string "@$~^k"

The meta-keys are set as @ for Command, $ for Shift, ~ for Alt and ^ for Ctrl. k in this example is the non-meta-key that you want to use.

For system-wide shortcuts, you can use -g instead of the app identifier, e.g.

defaults write -g NSUserKeyEquivalents -dict-add "Menu Item" -string "@$~^k" Note that you'll need to relaunch the app before these will take effect. Also you can see if they've been successful in System Preferences -- which will also need a relaunch to show the changes.

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See open URLs per Safari Web Content instance in Activity Monitor System 10.9
I believe this is new to Mavericks: Here's an easy way to identify the windows in Safari that are currently using resources.

Open Activity Monitor, and then hover over a Safari Web Content item in the window. That will display the open URL(s) belonging to that instance. This makes it easy to identify the window in Safari that is using up your CPU.

Lex adds: This works as described, and is great.
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Mavericks offers an easier way to reveal the user's Library folder System
Since Apple hid the user Library folder in Lion, there have been various methods of displaying, revealing or navigating to it. Apple have introduced a new one in 10.9.

There is an option to reveal the user Library in the Finder -> View Options. It only appears when the view options are selected for a window showing the user's home folder.
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Power button changes in Mavericks Laptop Macs
Apple changed the behavior of the Power button in 10.9 Mavericks.

Press the button once, and it puts your display to sleep. Press and hold it for a second or two, and the Shutdown / Restart / Sleep dialog appears. Press and hold it for even longer, and your Mac gets completely powered off.
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Mavericks - Finally a service to open a terminal from a specific folder System 10.9
Right mouse click and choose Services > New Terminal at Folder

I've tried different apps to be able to open a Terminal shell from a specific folder. Finally in Mavericks you can add a Service to do that. In System Preferences choose Keyboard and then Shortcuts. From the left side nav, choose Services. Then from the main area under Files and Folders, choose New Terminal at Folder and/or New Terminal Tab at Folder. Now you can right mouse click or control click on a folder and choose Services > New Terminal at Folder.
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Sync the current loginwindow text to the FileVault unlock screen System
You can use the following command to sync the current loginwindow text to the FDE loginwindow:

sudo touch /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/EFILogin.framework/Resources/EFIResourceBuilder.bundle/Contents/Resources
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Workaround GateKeeper for Non-Apps Apps
GateKeeper will block files from opening that it thinks are command line apps.

I was trying to open in TextWrangler sample .ncx and .opf files that I had downloaded from an Amazon forum. The Mac saw them as command line apps, and when dragging them onto TextWrangler's icon, I got an alert from GateKeeper. Since they're files, the contextual menu "Open" command didn't work. When I went into the Security preference pane to temporarily disable GateKeeper, I noticed that it had a message about the last thing that was prevented from opening, with a button to open anyway, and the file opened right away in TextWrangler. (Note that I didn't try changing the "open in" app using Get Info, which may have worked also.)
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