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Boot into Aqua from single user mode UNIX
If you boot into single user mode [Editor: command-S at startup; this is the mode from which you can run a file system check, fsck] you can boot into Aqua/Finder by typing:

exit

This appears not to work if you've mounted the drive with write access. It also works if you've entered single user from Aqua by typing the following in the Terminal:

sudo shutdown now
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Keychain locking out mail.app access System
Rob F. wrote in with an issue a few days ago:
I had been running in OS 9.1 for a couple of days. When I booted back into OSX tonight and started mail, I was asked for my keychain password. I have never opened Keychain but no problem, I thought, and typed my user password. No go. So how do I get around this issue?"
Rob F. later wrote back with the solution ... so if you're locked out of an OS X application due to a keychain you haven't used, read the rest of the article for instructions on how to fix the problem.

Thanks to Rob for submitting the solution, and my apologies for the delays in getting it published!
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Enabling mod_dav with Apache 1.3.19 and PHP Internet
This is really only relevant if you've followed the instructions from StepWise on how to configure and install Apache 1.3.19 and PHP 4.0.4pl1. What I discovered was that when you restart Apache, it will basically hang because of an error related to the apxs binary in /usr/sbin (take a look in the Console app for the exact error).

If you want to run your web server with WebDAV capabilities enabled on it, you will need to download the latest version of mod_dav, configure and install it, replacing the pre-installed module for Apache. The information for installing mod_dav can be found on the mod_dav site, but I will summarize it here.

Read the rest of the article for an excellent how-to on installing WebDAV support onto your new Apache...

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Quick hide/show of toolbar customize panel Desktop
Try shift-clicking the Finder toolbar show/hide widget (in the upper right-hand corner) - the toolbar customization pane will appear! Cool!

Shift-click again, and it disappears!

Daniel J. Wilson
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Fix for PHP bug reporting error UNIX
If you create a PHP page in Dreamweaver or similar Macintosh application, any bugs will be reported as being on line 1, no matter where they are. This is because the PHP parser is expecting Unix style line breaks. Since it doesn't find them, it thinks the entire page is all one line. This doesn't hurt the running of the PHP code, but it does make it very hard to find any typos or other bugs in the code.

The easiest way to fix this is to open the PHP document in BBEdit and Save As. Click on the OPTIONS button, and select Unix line breaks.

Also, if you are looking for a good SQL tutorial, with a live SQL server, check the following URLS:

www.sqlcourse.com
www.sqlcourse2.com
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The future of macosxhints.com... Site News
The macosxhints.com site has taken off, far faster and bigger than I ever would have imagined. As of today, there are nearly 1,100 registered users, pulling nearly 700mb of data per day from the site. This led me to post a message late last night concerning the future direction of the site (you can read the original post in the remainder of this article). Since I have no revenue streams, the costs of maintaining this growing site were looking a bit daunting.

I asked for help and suggestions, and featured a poll offering some alternatives for the future direction of the site. I was amazed to wake up this morning to a number of emails with positive feedback and great suggestions, and over 35 responses to the poll in about five hours' of night time. Thanks to you, the macosxhints readers, I now have several good leads for new providers with substantially lower costs and unmetered bandwidth, which will alleviate my number one issue. A number of you have also donated to help cover the costs of running the site, which I greatly appreciate.

Based on all the input I've received, the future looks good for macosxhints.com. Read the rest of this article if you'd like to see what's going to happen here in the near future (summary - nothing bad!), as well as the story I posted last night.
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Toolbar command-click trick Apps
In some Cocoa applications, if you command-click the toolbar button in the upper-right corner of the title bar, the toolbar will switch between Icon Only, Icon & Text, and Text Only modes.

I haven't had the chance to test this in many applications yet (primarily because there are still so few available), but it does seem to function in Mail, OmniWeb, Address Book, and Project Builder so far.

Unfortunately, it does not work in the Finder, where it would probably be the most useful.
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Avoid a GUI freeze after sleep wake-up Desktop
This is in addition to the tips for added responsiveness.

I've been having problems with the Finder holding up on me after waking up from sleep. The Finder is rendered completely unresponsive as the the kernel takes up 50 percent of the CPU cycles. I then remembered what Steve Jobs said a while back about how Unix doesn't like to be put to sleep. I immediately thought the Energy Saver preferences.

Set the hard drive spindown to Never, and most of the large kernel freezeups should go away.

Hopefully this is fixed in 10.0.1, but for now, this is an adequate solution.
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Moving fonts between OS 9 and Classic 9 System
Today I noticed a bug (feature?) in the manner in which Classic 9 handles fonts added to its system folder. Theoretically, this should work just as it does in OS 9 - drag the font into the Fonts folder, and any non-running application that is then launched will see the new font. In copying over a number of fonts from my 'real' OS 9 to my 'Classic' OS 9 today, I noticed that they weren't seen when I launched my Classic application. After a bit of troubleshooting, I found the answer.

To make the fonts usable, I had to restart Classic, not just the apps running within Classic. Once I restarted Classic, I had all my new fonts available. I can't decide if this is a bug, or a limitation of how Classic works. In either event, install the fonts first, then launch Classic to save yourself a Classic restart (at least, that's how my machine is working!).
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Transparent windows in any Cocoa program System
Making terminal windows transparent seems to be a popular item, and someone asked if it would work in other apps. Well, it won't work out of the box, but there's a cool little hack that will make it work, at least for Cocoa applications.

This isn't quite perfect, as it will change the transparency of the title bar, scroll bars, etc. as well as the content, but it does make them transparent.

Read the rest of this article for the step by step instructions.

[Editor's note: I have not tried this on my machine yet. You should probably back up any file you are going to modify before you start. Sounds really cool, though!]
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