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Fix the contrast keys on PowerBooks System
We know that the contrast keys on PowerBooks work if you have the Display preferences panel open. Apparently, this is because of a process called DisplayServices, which is located in System/Library/Displays.

If you have this app run everytime you log in (by dropping it into the login preferences panel) then your contrast keys should work. This worked for me, albeit with approximately 1 minute of testing.

Loren
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FSF GCC now has native Darwin/OS X support UNIX
For those of you fortran heads, here's good news. FSF GCC now officially supports Darwin/OS X, meaning that you can grab latest source at gcc.gnu.org and build a version of gcc, including fortran (g77), on your OS X box.

Although I don't personally use fortran, this would be a breakthrough for scientists and engineers who use Macs and have *a lot* of fortran libraries. Read yourself Stan Shebs' comment at darwin dev list.

Cheers
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Moving Mac OS X to a new hard drive System
If you're looking for a way to move your installed OS X to a new volume, Robert Hancock posted a new method in this Macintouch Reader Report.

Supposedly, if you download Apple's Software Restore program (note: I can't find it on Apple's servers, but there's one on my 9.1 volume), you can boot into OS 9.1, run Software Restore, and tell it to restore your OS X partition or drive to your new drive. This will handle all hidden files and folders. Sounds like a fast, simple way to move a complete OS X installation to a new drive.

NOTE: If anyone can help with this, it'd be appreciated. I found Apple Software Restore, but when launched, it simply says "Cannot find any configurations to restore" and quits. Robert claims to have used this method a number of times, but I can't make the program do anything other than launch and quit.
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Command line FTP basics UNIX
If you're new to UNIX in general, and have only used programs like Fetch or Transmit as FTP tools in the past, you may find the command-line version of FTP quite daunting. There are times when you might want to use this, though, such as when remotely connected to your Mac, and you'd like to download some files locally.

Over in this MacFixit Forums thread, 'JohnBaxter' posted a nice overview of key commands to use when running FTP in a terminal session.
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Open directory windows from the Terminal UNIX
It's been fairly well covered that you can drag a file or directory into a terminal window to auto-type its path, but I haven't seen the corollary mentioned:

You can open a Finder window for the current working directory by entering open .
You can also open a window for the containing directory with
open ..

It's a very handy way to get at hidden files and paths without making them visible in the GUI.
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Running Jakarta Tomcat on OS X Apps
This must be common knowledge by now but since no-one has mentioned it ... after you install the Developer Tools, the generic *nix distribution of Tomcat (an environment for working with Java Server Pages) works fine on MOSX.

The one you want is in this directory on the Jakarta Tomcat site, and the particular file you want is jakarta-tomcat-3.2.1.tar.gz. The 'Mac-ported' .sea & .hqx versions seem to have a classpath issue & look as if they are actually running in MRJ, not under OSX (sorry, I haven't had a really good look yet).

The version above runs exactly like on Linux - ie. started & stopped with the command-line, so you get to see errors & messages. One problem, with http on MOSX generally though, I simply can't access localhost from browsers running under Classic!

Ashley
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Limiting FTP users' access Network
Hi,

I recently got OSX and immediatly started to setup an FTP, using the built in FTP sharing in the system preferences. Everything works great, and the server is running, but the only problem is... every user has access to anything. I can't restrict access to folders (I dont know how anyways...) I would like a setup many different users who can only access their own folders, not my ENTIRE HD. Any help would be appreciated.

Thanks,
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Add a keyboard shortcut for Hide Others Desktop
Apple thoughtfully gave us command-H to hide the active app, but didn't provide a shortcut for hiding other apps. Jacco R. wrote in with a way to modify the Finder to provide such a shortcut.

Warning - Make sure you have a backup before you start hacking the system files! Also, this hack only works in the Finder, not any other applications. Finally, I have not tried this myself, but Jacco included a screenshot, and stated that it definitely worked in the Finder.

If you'd like to hack your finder to provide a Hide Others keyboard shortcut, read the rest of the article...
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Improve Classic Performance Even More Classic
This may be an obvious one for the power users, but still:

If you only plan to use OSX you can just do this, otherwise you may want to have a separate OS9 install for classic and one for booting into natively.

Don't install 9.1 taking the defaults. Choose a custom installation and rmove all the extras (text to speech, IE/Outlook, etc) basically only installing "Base" and the default networking. You may also want Quicktime and the standard fonts. Beyond that you don' t need the rest of OS9 to run apps under OSX, as OS X does much of the work for OS 9.

By removing all the extra I've reduced my Classic launch time from a minute and twenty seconds to twenty-two seconds.
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Launch mySQL at system startup UNIX
The following tutorial explains how to get mySQL (via safe_mysqld) started at system boot. "It took some time, but it's working now."

Read the rest of this article if you'd like your mySQL server to launch when you start your machine.

[Editor's note: I haven't installed this yet myself, but I will, and I'll comment back if I have any problems]
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