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One-line batch file renamer UNIX
This one was posted to the X4U mailing list by Dierdre M., and I think it's an incredibly useful tip, so I'm posting it here!

If you want to batch rename a bunch of files (say "foo*.jpg" to "bar*.jpg"), you might think you could just do "mv foo*.jpg bar*.jpg" in the Terminal. However, this doesn't work right since the shell expands each argument before the execution occurs. However, there's a cool way to accomplish the same result with a (more complex) command line argument.

Open a terminal, and "cd" your way to the directory of interest (or just drag the folder you want to work with onto the terminal icon in the dock; it will open in that directory). Once there, we'll run a 'test' before actually change any names. This first version of the command is "proof of concept"; it will output what will happen, without actually doing it. So to rename all those "foo*.jpg" files into "bar*.jpg" files, type:
ls foo*.jpg | awk '{print("mv "$1" "$1)}' | sed 's/foo/bar/2'
This should output a series of "mv" (the unix "move" command, which is used to rename files) lines, each one showing the old and new name for each file affected. If it all looks right, then just pipe the output to the shell to execute:
ls foo*.jpg | awk '{print("mv "$1" "$1)}' | sed 's/foo/bar/2' | /bin/sh
That should do the trick. Dierdre points out that this is an especially nice way to do it, since you get to see what will happen before you commit to it! I happen to agree with that logic completely!

To use this on your own files, you'll need to replace the references to filenames and items to be replaced in both the "ls" and "sed" portions of the script.
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Improving FTP access security Network
With the release of 10.0.2, Apple has included an upgraded FTP server that makes it easier to control which directories FTP users can utilize. This is done using an 'ftpchroot' file, which makes each listed user's home directory appear as the root of the system via FTP, so there's no way they can move "up" out of their directories.

Implementing 'ftpchroot' is quite simple, but it does require a bit of editing work as root. If you'd like to restrict your FTP users to their own directory, read the rest of this tip.
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Clear the terminal screen from the keyboard UNIX
Here is another shortcut (undocumented I believe) I found accidentally for use in a terminal window. Hitting Option-A will clear the screen as would the command 'clear'.

[Editor: You can also use Control-L, which is more standard]
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Counting files in a directory from the terminal UNIX
Sometimes, it's the little things. I was trying to replicate an error someone was experiencing involving a large number of files in a directory. So I made my large directory, opened a terminal, then did an "ls" on the directory. Everything scrolled by, and then I noticed that there's no total file or total size information. Size information is easy to get (type "du directory_name"), but how do you know how many files are in a directory in the terminal?

Given my basic UNIX skills, I headed to the "man" pages for "ls", but found nothing useful there. Same thing with "man du". I finally had to use a lifeline and phoned a friend ;-). The answer definitely speaks to the sometimes non-intuitive nature of UNIX, but also shows how you can pretty much make it do what you want by combining commands.

To count the number of files in a directory, enter:
cd directory_to_count
ls | wc -l
That's the "ls" directory listing command, the vertical bar (which 'pipes' the output of "ls" to the next command), and then the "wc" word count command with the "l" (lower-case L) option to count the number of lines instead of characters. The output of this command is the number of files in the directory. Subdirectories count as one entry; the files in the subdirectory are not counted.

Of course the GUI is much easier, but if you're connecting remotely via SSH, you won't have that option available!
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Customizing the OS X keyboard map System
There have been a couple of help requests for remapping the OS X keyboard. There's very little info out there right now about this topic, but I just stumbled across a bit of evidence that it should be possible, although more difficult than it has been in the past.

Reading the MacAddict forums, I came across a thread called OS X Key Mappings. In that thread, there's an email posted from Marcel Bresnick, the author of "PrefEdit," who also has written some OS X Server 1.x keyboard mapping hacks. Here's a snippet of his response on customizing the OS X keyboard maps:
The keyboard layouts are stored in:


The * has to be replaced by the respective language name. Every language package contains 32 keyboard maps for _all_ keyboards, so there are in fact 224 (!) keyboard definitions. (This doesn't make sense, looks like a quick hack to implement Macintosh keyboards on top of Darwin...) If you want to do it right, you would have to repeat the keyboard redefinition for all language packages.
He goes on to explain how to edit the files (in theory, not step-by-step). Head on over to MacAddict and read the rest of the Marcel's email for an overview of how the process would work. Warning - this editing is not for the timid, and if you mess up, you'll have no keyboard -- so back everything up first, and make sure you know how to use single-user mode!
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Switch to 256 colors in Classic Classic
I have some older games on my PowerBook G4 that require that the monitor be set to 256 Colors. The Displays settings in OS X do not allow me to switch to 256 colors, so I had to boot into OS 9.1 to run these older games. However, on a hunch, I tried switching colors in the Classic environment's Monitors control Panel, and it switched to 256 colors and the games ran just fine.

Aqua doesn't like running in 256 color mode, but it got the job done!

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Using Borland's JBuilder on Mac OS X Desktop
Hi Folks,

If you are a little familiar with the new tcsh-shell on Mac OS X, you can have a preview of working with JBuilder [editor's note: JBuilder is a commercial Java development environment from Borland which is due out shortly on Mac OS X natively]

If you have jBuilder and would like to see it running on OS X, read the rest of the article for instructions on getting the Linux version running on your Mac.
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Another method of OS X installer extraction Install
[Editor: There's a posted tip about extracting files from the OS X install CD. Here's another take on the process, as applied to the OS X Public Beta CD, but it should work on the final version as well. It's different and complete enough to merit its own thread.]

There were a number of posts on various OS X forums a while back asking where Music Player from the OS X Beta had gone. I was never able to install OS X Beta on my machine, but I had seen screenshots and really liked the look of Music Player. I decided to try and get it off the OS X beta CD. Here's how I did it...

Read the rest of this article for a detailed set of instructions on extracting files from the OS X installers.

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Copy/paste to FirstClass (Classic) Classic
I found it impossible to copy an image in MacOS X and paste it into FirstClass (Classic). One way to solve the problem is to drag the picture from the web browser and down to Quicktime Player in the dock and then copy the frame/image in that application - after that I could paste it into FirstClass.

Midnightposer -
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Custom app icons that work in the Dock System
I'm sure most people have noticed by now that using the Show Info cut & paste method of changing an app's icon doesn't work quite as well as one would like. Specifically the app will revert to showing its original icon when in the dock. Here's how to change an apps icon(s) permanently...

To do this you may need IconComposer which can be found in /Developer/Applications after installing from the Developer CD. I say "may" because you can do it without this tool if you just want to substitute one app's icons for another's.

For this explanation we will give Sherlock the icons from Chess. Hey, its just an explanation.

Read the rest of this article if you'd like a step-by-step on replacing an app's icon more permanently than copy/paste appears to...
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