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A long list of modifier key tricks System
Many people here on MacOSXHints have posted cool undocumented features based on holding down modifier keys, but I've always wanted a compiled list of all of them, because I will occasionally forget a few. So, I compiled the ones on MacOSXHints, and added a lot more that I don't think were here yet. My description, except for a few, assume that you are holding that modifier key as you are following the directions. Some of them aren't very descriptive, so be sure to post a comment if you can't understand any of them, or if they don't work for you. Additionally, be sure to add more comments of additional tricks that I have not mentioned.

To make it easier, I have posted it here in the remainder of this hint, and on a wiki so that it is easier to collaborate and make the list bigger. Read on to see my list...

[robg adds: I haven't verified all of these, nor am I sure which appear here elsewhere ... but shortcuts are always of interest, so I felt it worth posting.]

COMMAND and OPTION together:
  • Force open by dragging on to app icons
  • Create aliases by dragging one file from one place to another
  • Customize toolbar by clicking the tube button on the top left of the window
  • Close all windows in a certain application
  • Drag item out of dock to make alias in Finder
  • Not that this matters, but, while option clicking a folder in Finder will open it in a new window, this key combo will open the folder in a new window and close the other window. Kinda pointless, right? This also works with sidebar items.
  • Click on a different application to hide all but the one you clicked on. This only works when the application you want it to work on is not in focus. The keyboard equivalent of this is Command-Option-H.
OPTION:
  • Choose different iTunes libraries when opening iTunes
  • Open new inspector by clicking on a new tab
  • Copy instead of move files to new folders
  • Click on a new app to hide all the others
  • Download linked file in Safari
  • Control-click or right-click in Finder for altered plug ins
  • Menu items will change while holding option
  • Drag items out of the dock to created copy in Finder
  • If enabled in Terminal window settings in Emulation, click to position cursor at that point
  • Delete a file in a playlist in iTunes
  • Create smart groups in certain apps like iTunes, Address Book, iPhoto, etc.
  • Click on the X on a Safari tab while having others open to close all the others.
  • Move cursor over a dashboard widget to find the X without having to click the plus on the bottom left of the screen.
  • On laptops, click on the function keys, (if enabled for hardware features), to open their related preferences.
  • While dragging a file into iTunes, hold OPTION to make it so, (if copy to iTunes library is enabled), it will not copy it. This is good to change labels on videos that you do not want to wait for to copy into iTunes.
  • Click on a file, (not a folder,) in Finder and it will close that Finder window and open the file. This is good of you don't care about the Finder window after you open the file.
  • Certain system wide functions, like logout, restart, shutdown, etc. And empty trash, though that isn't system wide. Will no longer show the are you sure window box while holding Option.
  • Change the size of the dock in increments rather than pixels
COMMAND:
  • Click on dock items to show in Finder
  • click on spotlight results to show in Finder
  • Drag items out of the dock to created copy in Finder
  • Open link in new tabs in Safari, including forward and back buttons.
  • Open Finder folders in a new window. This works with sidebar items as well.
  • Drag toolbar items to remove or reorder in toolbars.
  • Drag menu bar items to reorder them or remove them completely.
OPTION and SHIFT together:
  • Click on a preference pane to open it with a slowed down fade.
Shutdown, Restart, Log Out, and Sleep:
  • Control-Option-Command-Eject: Hold for one to two seconds to shut down
  • Control-Command-Eject: Hold for one to two seconds to restart
  • Option-Command-Eject: Hold for one to two seconds to sleep (this is very helpful with desktop computer)
  • Command-Shift-Option-Q: Log out without reminder saying are you sure?
I'm sure there are many others; feel free to add your favorites.
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One that was forgotten
Authored by: mm2270 on Apr 18, '07 08:04:54AM

This list, although good, is in no way complete. Here is one I can think of off the top of my head.

Hold Command down and drag a Finder item from one disk to another to "move" the item. In other words, it copies the file to the new location/drive, then deletes the original. A little dangerous to do in case anything goes wacky in the copy process, but still useful at times.



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: levonbragg on Apr 18, '07 08:25:54AM

here is another one.

Hold down command and click the tube button (top right) and the icons will cycle through size and text settings...



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Vertical Selection with Option
Authored by: jcull on Apr 18, '07 08:28:01AM

My favorite Option-key function is vertical text selection in programs like TextEdit and MS Word - saves so much time when trying to select text in a vertical column-that-isn't-really-a-column. Just hold Option, click, and drag.



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: levonbragg on Apr 18, '07 08:33:16AM

Dont forget the Shift click to minimize a window. It will minimize in slomotion to show off the effect. This works in reverse as well from the Dock.

Added both to the wiki



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: M-3 on Apr 18, '07 09:12:17AM

The shift key will also allow you to enter or exit Dashboard in slow-mo. I've found that it doesn't always work when clicking to enter Dashboard however. So you may just want to use shift-F12... And yes, shift-F11 will Expose your windows in slow-mo.

Kevin



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: uurf on Apr 18, '07 11:35:36AM

command-option-shift-w immediately swaps you to the login window (presumably if you have multiple logins enabled).



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: morespace54 on Apr 18, '07 01:17:10PM

CMD-ALT-SHIFT-Q (to quit apps and log out) and
CMD-SHIFT-Q (to show the "Are you sure you want to quit all applications and log out" dialog box).



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: yanokwa on Apr 18, '07 11:45:44AM
http://rixstep.com/2/20040510,00.shtml has a much more detailed list.

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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: sec55 on Apr 18, '07 01:21:37PM

Under Command+Option: "Customize toolbar by clicking the tube button on the top left of the window."

Should read "top right" if you mean a Finder window.



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: tirerim on Apr 18, '07 02:34:48PM

Great! Now, what would be really useful to add to this is a list of similar tricks for second, third, and fourth mouse buttons, for those of us with mighty mice. Anyone?



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: M-3 on Apr 19, '07 08:23:43AM

Haha. Yeah it took Apple how many years just to offer a multi-button mouse (and only as an option). I'd be amazed if there are any modifiers for the "extra" (read as necessary) buttons yet. But we can at least dream, can't we? :-)



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Not that it matters?
Authored by: elasticimp on Apr 19, '07 08:25:07AM
In response to:

"Not that this matters, but, while option clicking a folder in Finder will open it in a new window, this key combo will open the folder in a new window and close the other window. Kinda pointless, right? This also works with sidebar items."

While it is "pointless" when clicking, I differ when you open Apps using the keyboard for navigation.

Example: You're in Finder and want to open an App that's not in your Dock.


1) Command + Shit + A = Opens the Apps Folder.

2) Start typing the name of the App until Finder selects it.

3) Once the App is selected; Command + Option + O

Now you just opened the App and closed the Finder window left behind, all WITHOUT using the mouse. (Of course if you want to leave the window opened you just "command + O instead" and then "command + tab" fast to go back to Finder) A couple of tries and you'll be hooked. It's faster and easier than using the mouse. I do encourage you all to use the keyboard for navigation. In most circumstances it beats the mouse.



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Not that it matters?
Authored by: ecbtln on Apr 19, '07 09:40:55AM

First of all, I noticed, and actually noted that all you have to do is hold option to open the file, or app. (Anything that Finder recognizes as a file). So to make this a keyboard action all you have to do is navigate to the app and do command-option-down(arrow). I find that easier than the O but that works too. Your way makes finder accept it as a folder (because in reality it is), my way is a file. And, if you are talking about not using the mouse, I find it fastest and easiest to do a quick command space to open spotlight, type the first few letters of the app, like you would in the Applications folder, and then command enter.



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Not that it matters?
Authored by: elasticimp on Apr 19, '07 03:23:33PM

Totally true! I never noticed down arrow worked as well. It does kinda makes the "option + command + o" useless. Of course when typing the app name both hands are at the letter keys, so to bring the right hand all the way down to the arrows is more difficult for me, which is different for the option and command keys since they are bigger and closer to the letters and can be pressed with the thumb and ring finger; but the down arrow key is smaller and I can only sucessfully hit it with either the index or middle finger.

I tried the spotlight method for a while, but stopped using it cuz it tends to get slow when lots of apps are running. Plus, I don't always get the app as the Top Hit. Sometimes I'd have to type the whole thing (since spotlight searches all the files), where as with the "o" method you're only looking for files in the app folder.

hmmmm... still wondering why on earth we can't cut > paste. Now that's screwed up.



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: MrNibbles on Aug 27, '07 10:43:18AM

A handy one i find:
when using apple-tab to skim through your programs, we all know that pressing Q will quit the selected program, but i bet you didnt know that pressing H hides the program ;)

VERY handy for quickly cleaning up space on your desktop (or when exposť gets a little crowded)

one of my fav shortcuts



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A long list of modifier key tricks
Authored by: fud on Aug 27, '07 12:26:51PM

Don't think this one has been mentioned. Command mouse drag a background Finder window, moves it without bringing it to the front.



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